Expanding on a previous NHA display, Shoulders Upon Which We Stand, which explored the Cape Verde-Nantucket connection, this season the Nantucket Historical Association is presenting historic photos, mementos, and a mini-theater with short films based on recently conducted oral histories from Nantucket’s Cape Verde community.
The Cape Verde archipelago off the coast of Senegal has a long history of association with Nantucket Island. It was once a major hub of the transatlantic slave trade, which contributed to its mixed European and African heritage. Cape Verdeans and Nantucketers first laid eyes on each other during the whaling days of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Whaling ships from America stopped at the Cape Verde islands for supplies and, very often, to augment their crews. Surviving crew lists document this common practice.
A fraction of those crewmen found their way back to Nantucket and became part of the Nantucket community. However, the most significant “diaspora” of Cape Verdeans arriving on Nantucket occurred during the early twentieth century, when Cape Verdean immigrants looking for better lives arrived in New Bedford and were drawn to Nantucket to work in the commercial cranberry bogs.
As they became established, Cape Verdeans found homes close to Nantucket’s waterfront and in the vicinity of Five Corners. They were a community of hard-working, industrious people, soon looking beyond the bogs and taking on all manner of employment, some starting their own businesses. Their Cape Verdean traditions taught them to offer help to anyone in need within and beyond their families and neighborhood. Music, celebration, and keeping a large pot of jagacida on the stove to feed all who dropped by were characteristic of their heritage.
Despite their generous nature, Cape Verdean Nantucketers experienced discrimination, both subtle and explicit, based on their skin color and foreign origin.
While diminished in numbers from early days, the Nantucket Cape Verdean community today is made up of significant contributors to education, health care, service to the community, government, business, trades, music, and cuisine. They are a microcosm of the best of Nantucket’s community spirit, subtly proud of their Cape Verde heritage. The NHA looks is proud to present many of their stories in the Nantucket Whaling Museum Williams Forsyth Gallery, 13 Broad Street.